The Department of Classical Archaeology at the Mainz Institute of Ancient Studies has both a collection of ancient originals – in particular painted Greek pottery from the 8th to the 4th century BC as well as terracotta and bronze pieces – and a larger number of plaster casts of ancient sculptures. Both collections are located in Philosophicum, Jakob-Welder-Weg 18 and are available to the public on request.
The original collection was built up primarily from 1948 by the then first-appointed Professor Roland Hampe, who acquired three private collections for this purpose with special money from the French administration. The cast collection, on the other hand, has an older, pre-university history. Many pieces come from the former property of the Mainz Citizens' Association for Plastic Arts, founded in 1871 and disbanded after the Second World War. The stock of plaster casts has been constantly updated since the 1950s.
The objects in the original collection come almost exclusively from Greek sanctuaries and tombs. They provide diverse insights into realities of ancient life, religious imaginations, burial customs and forms of self-expression of the ancient elites. In addition to a respectable gallery of Roman imperial portraits, the cast collection offers visitors an extensive collection of prominent masterpieces of ancient sculpture from the most important antique museums worldwide.
Today, the collections are used intensively, particularly as part of teaching, to provide students with practical training. A particular focus is on outreach work for a wider public in the form of special exhibitions, guided tours and special school offerings. In addition, many of the objects are repeatedly the subject of a wide variety of research projects by colleagues all over the world. Furthermore, some pieces have already been shown at national and international special exhibitions.
Publications on the collections
- E. Oy-Marra – P. Schollmeyer, Das vergessene Mainzer Pantheon. Katalogbroschüre zur Sonderausstellung in der Schule des Sehens (2015).
- P. Schollmeyer, Unter dem Schutz der Götter. Griechisches Leben im Spiegel der Kunst (2015). Griechisches Leben im Spiegel der Kunst (2015).
- Ders., Der Mainzer Verein für plastische Kunst und seine Abguss-Sammlung. Bürgerliche Kunstpatronage der Gründerzeit, in Ch. Schreiter (Hrsg.), Gipsabgüsse und antike Skulpturen. Präsentation und Kontext, Tagungsband Berlin 2011 (2012) S.319-331.
- Ders., Die Sammlungen des Instituts für Klassische Archäologie der Johannes-Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, in: F. M. Müller (Hrsg.), Archäologische Universitätsmuseen und –sammlungen im Spannungsfeld von Forschung, Lehre und Öffentlichkeit, Tagungsband Innsbruck 2010 (2013) S.417-428.
- Ders., Archäologie für Schülerinnen und Schüler in den klassisch-archäologischen Sammlungen der Uni Mainz, in: Scrinium, Heft 2 (2017) S.52-56.